Emacspeak is a speech interface software that functions with the Linux operating system, which is commonly used by computational scientists. It utilizes audio formatting and W3C’s Aural CSS to convert computer visuals and information into audio. Emacspeak is free! If you are interested in downloading Emacspeak, follow this link to the Emacspek website:


JAWS, or Job Access With Speech, is the most popular screen reader, capable of providing both audio and braille output for Windows operating systems. It works with both Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 and is compatible with the majority of web browsers. Follow this link to the JAWS website to make a purchase or to sample JAWS with a free trial: Freedom Scientific produces other accessibility software. Explore their website for braille displays, screen magnifiers, and more:


VoiceOver is the text-to-speech program for Mac products. I have found it to be an extremely useful application, especially with the touch features of my iPhone and iPad. When you purchase Apple products, make sure they include the VoiceOver feature, as this is not always the case. For more information and for tips on how to use all of VoiceOver’s features, follow this link: